SPHERE OF INFLUENCE, TYPE OF MESH, BIAS AND BIAS FACTOR

The following local mesh controls are available:


(1) Method Control
(2) Sizing Control
(3)  Mapped Face Meshing Control
(4) Contact Sizing Control
(5) Match Control
(6) Pinch Control
(7) Refinement Control
(8) Inflation Control
(9) Gap Tool





various option for local mesh controls in ansys
various option for local mesh controls in Ansys

You can control your local mesh by just right click on Mesh option from tree outline > insert .

Method Control


The Method control is valid only for a body. The default value is Automated mesh. By this option, you can create different types of meshing depending upon your requirements.The selection of mesh type is depend on your geometry & analysis area. Here we show different types of mesh generated on an object.

1.Automatic Mesh



2. Tetrahedrons Mesh


3. Hex dominant Mesh





4. Sweep Mesh





5. Multizone Mesh





6. Cartesien Mesh





7. Layerd Tetrahedron Mesh






Sizing Control

By the use of sizing control option, you can set


  • The element size for a selected body, face, or edge.
  • The number of divisions along an edge.
  • The modification in element size by using "Sphere of influence"

The basic steps for using the local Sizing control are presented here.
Sizing Control
Sizing Control




(1) Select a body, face, edge, or vertex.

(2) Right-click on the selected object and choose Insert> Sizing.


(3) Specify options under Details of “Sizing” in the Type The value of Type can be Element Size, Sphere of Influence, Body of Influence, or Number of Divisions. The available choices depend on the body, face,vertex or edge topology which is you selected in 1st step.


There are 4 types of local sizing :


(1) Face Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Face

(2) Body Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Body
(3) Edge Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Edge
(4) Vertex Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Vertex



one by one all types are explained below...

(1) Face Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Face :


The following table gives information or overview of how to define face meshing or local mesh sizing on a face.


Local Mesh Sizing on a Face

                                                           Source - Ansys



(1) Specify type :

Element size

Element size is a size of the element or mesh. By using element size, you can create mesh as per your sizing requirement.


Default Mesh with 5 mm element size
 Default Mesh with 5 mm element size

Mesh with element size 1 mm

Mesh with element size 1 mm

Sphere of Influence

Sphere of Influence is an available option in the Type field if you selected a body, face, edge, or vertex and 'Use Advanced Size' Function is off. Sphere of Influence behaves as a Hard setting. The Sphere of Influence modify pre- existing sizing(mesh) which is inside a sphere. 

In Sphere of influence, you can create sphere by using local coordinate system whose origin is to become the center of the sphere or by enter the radius of the sphere in the 'Sphere Radius' field. Enter a value in the 'Element Size' field. The element size will be applied to area which is covered in the sphere. 

Default Mesh with 5 mm element size

Default Mesh with 5 mm element size


Sphere with radius = 20 mm
Sphere with radius = 20 mm

Sphere of Influence option in ansys
Sphere of Influence option in Ansys


Sphere of Influence mesh with sphere radius 20 mm
Sphere of Influence mesh with sphere radius 20 mm

 (2) Specify Behavior :

For bodies, faces, or edges only, you can specify a Behavior option of either Soft (default) or Hard. The Behavior option is not available for Sphere of Influence or Body of Influence. The effect of the Behavior setting is depends on either you select 'Use Advanced Size' Function is on or off. 


If Use Advanced Size Function is on:

• Choosing the Hard option for edges means that the size or number of divisions is fixed on the edge and cannot be changed by the meshing algorithm and the probability of a mesh failure increases.



Growth Rate :

The Growth Rate is the same as that of the global growth rate that you can set in the Details View when the Mesh option is selectedin the Tree Outline. 


Growth Rate represents the increase in element edge length with each next layer of elements. 


For example, a growth rate of 1.2 results in a 20% increase in element edge length with each next layer of elements. 


It is available when Use Advanced Size Function is on. For Growth rate, Specify a value from 1 to 5 or accept the default. The default is calculated based on the values of the Relevance options. 


Curvature Normal Angle :

Curvature Normal Angle is the maximum allowable angle that one element edge is allowed to span another element edge. You may specify Curvature Normal Angle for a entity like body, face, or edge only. 

Curvature Normal Angle is Available only when 'Use Advanced Size' Function is set to either 'On: Proximity and Curvature' or 'On: Curvature'. You can specify a value from 0 to 180 degrees to override the global setting. 



The parameter like growth rate, element size, curvature normal angle has same meaning for all (Face, Body, Edge, Vertex) type of sizing.


(2) Body Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Body

The body meshing type is explained in this bolg ( click here )




(3) Edge Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Edge :


The following table gives information or overview of how to define edge meshing or local mesh sizing on a edges.



Edge Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Edge

Source- Ansys



Bias type and Bias factor :

Bias Factor is defined as the ratio of the largest edge to the smallest edge. For edges only, use Bias Type to adjust the spacing ratio of nodes on an edge.

This feature is useful for any engineering problem where nodes need to be clustered on an edge or group of edges. There are 4 pre-determined patterned options available in ANSYS workbench as shown in fig.
Bias type
As the bias factor increase, the mesh becomes more finer and finer according to whatever pattern you choose. Here shows various types of bias patterned meshed in ANSYS workbench.


 Bias factor= 5
Bias type and Bias factor




You can see the difference between bias factor= 5 and 10, as bias factor increase mesh become fine.



Bias type and Bias factor in ansys


Bias type and Bias factor in ansys
Bias factor=5

Bias type and Bias factor in ansys

Bias factor=10


Please note the bias type marked in red box in image.





Bias type and Bias factor in ansys
Bias factor=5

Bias factor=10
 And last pattern...





Bias type and Bias factor in ansys
Bias factor=5
Bias factor=10

 Number Of Division :

If you want to divide the edge in specific no. of part then this feature is help you. just specify no. of division as per your requirement.

No. of division = 10
No. of division = 10




Vertex Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Vertex :

The following table gives information or overview of how to define vertex meshing or local mesh sizing on vertex.

Vertex Meshing or Defining Local Mesh Sizing on a Vertex

Here the center of sphere is whatever vertex you select as show in fig.
point or node selection



mesh with SPHERE OF INFLUENCE in ansys













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